Wednesday, January 15, 2014

Android Activity/Fragment life cycle analysis

Android life cycle is complex when activity comes with fragments. Though the document improves a lot, it still has not covered all scenarios. To have a better understanding of it, I made a simple app to print out all critical life cycles for both activity and nested fragments.

First of all, it is important to point out that when all activities of an app are killed the app process may still be running. As long as the process is running, all static variables will be valid. Once the process is killed by the OS all static variables will be lost. So be careful to use static variables.

To cover all possible scenarios that may impact your android app, I categorised them below
  1. New created: Fragment/Activity starts from nothing
  2. Rotate new created: Fragment/Activity restarts after rotation
  3. Home key pressed: Fragment/Activity is kicked to the background
  4. Back from background
with the combination of different cases:
  1. Fragment sets RetainInstance true/false
  2. App is killed in the background after home key pressed. To simulate the app is killed by the system in the background, you can tick the box under Settings->Developer options->Don't keep activities. In this case, the active activity will be killed even the app is sent to background by pressing home button.

Here is the simple project used for the analysis
https://github.com/kejunxia/AndroidLifeCycleAnalysis

Also here is a library to apply Android MVC pattern and make the lifecycle easier to be used as well
http://kejunxia.github.io/AndroidMvc/
https://github.com/kejunxia/AndroidMvc

Summary:
  • New created: almost the same for the four scenarios as below. Except the sequence of onCreateView and onWindowFocusChanged
  • Rotate new created: When Fragment get set RetainInstance true, fragment doesn't call onCreate and onDestroy. And the following fragment calls are invoked but bundle passed in are null
    • onCreateView
    • onViewCreated
    • onActivityCreated
    • onViewStateRestored
    Also note that onSaveInstanceState for both Activity and Fragment is called with non-null outState, no matter if the fragment is set RetainInstance true or false. Which means activities and fragments always save instance state during rotation.
  • Home button pressed(send app to background): onSaveInstanceState is called with outState always as the result above. When fragment is set RetainInstance true, the following calls won't be called:
    • Activity.onDestroy
    • Fragment.onDestroyView
    • Fragment.onDestroy
    • Fragment.onDetach
    • Activity.onDetachedFromWindow
  •  Back from background: This is a little complicated. I split it in to 2 cases.
    • App killed by system: this is simulated by turning on Don't Keep Activities in developer settings on the device. In this case the system is going to try restoring the previous state which should be stored by onSaveInstanceState(as mentioned it's always called). This is different from creating a new activity. In this case the system will do the things below:
      • Activity.onCreate will be called with the savedInstanceState to recover previous state, while if it's creating a new activity onCreate will recieve a null bundle.
      • Fragment.onAttach
      • Activity.onAttachFragment
      • Activity.onStart NOTE THAT this will be called after the fragment is attached while if it's new creating activity, onstart is before the fragment is attached.
      • Fragment.onCreate will be called with savedInstanceState like the activity.
      • Activity.onRestoreInstanceState is called which won't be called when creating a new activity
    • Back from background before killed:
      • no creation will occur
      • no savedInstanceState will occur

Life cycle outputs:

========================================================================
Activity:                            new created
Fragment retainInstance:   false
Kill Activity immediately:   false
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreate: bundle=null
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
          Called many times here
ActivityCycle﹕ onStart
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onAttach
ActivityCycle﹕ onAttachFragment
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onCreate: bundle=null
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onCreateView: bundle=null
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onViewCreated: bundle=null
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onActivityCreated: bundle=null
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onViewStateRestored: bundle=null
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onStart
ActivityCycle﹕ onPostCreate: bundle=null
ActivityCycle﹕ onResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onPostResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onResumeFragments`
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onAttachedToWindow
ActivityCycle﹕ onWindowFocusChanged
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView

Activity:                            rotate new created
Fragment retainInstance:   false
Kill Activity immediately:   false
ActivityCycle﹕ onPause
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onPause
ActivityCycle﹕ onSaveInstanceState: outState=Object
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onSaveInstanceState: outState=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onStop
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onStop
ActivityCycle﹕ onDestroy
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onDestroyView
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onDestroy
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onDetach
ActivityCycle﹕ onDetachedFromWindow
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreate: bundle=Object
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onAttach
ActivityCycle﹕ onAttachFragment
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onCreate: bundle=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
          Called many times here
ActivityCycle﹕ onStart
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onCreateView: bundle=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onViewCreated: bundle=Object
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onActivityCreated: bundle=Object
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onViewStateRestored: bundle=Object
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onStart
ActivityCycle﹕ onRestoreInstanceState: bundle=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onPostCreate: bundle=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onPostResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onResumeFragments
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onAttachedToWindow
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onWindowFocusChanged

Activity:                           home button pressed
Fragment retainInstance:   false
Kill Activity immediately:   false
ActivityCycle﹕ onPause
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onPause
ActivityCycle﹕ onWindowFocusChanged
ActivityCycle﹕ onSaveInstanceState: outState=Object
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onSaveInstanceState: outState=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onStop
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onStop

Activity:                            back from background
Fragment retainInstance:   false
Kill Activity immediately:   false
ActivityCycle﹕ onRestart
ActivityCycle﹕ onStart
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onStart
ActivityCycle﹕ onResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onPostResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onResumeFragments
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onWindowFocusChanged

========================================================================
Activity:                            new created
Fragment retainInstance:   true
Kill Activity immediately:   false

ActivityCycle﹕ onCreate: bundle=null
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
          Called many times here
ActivityCycle﹕ onStart
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onAttach
ActivityCycle﹕ onAttachFragment
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onCreate: bundle=null
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onCreateView: bundle=null
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onViewCreated: bundle=null
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onActivityCreated: bundle=null
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onViewStateRestored: bundle=null
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onStart
ActivityCycle﹕ onPostCreate: bundle=null
ActivityCycle﹕ onResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onPostResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onResumeFragments
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onAttachedToWindow
ActivityCycle﹕ onWindowFocusChanged
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView

Activity:                            rotate new created
Fragment retainInstance:   true
Kill Activity immediately:   false
ActivityCycle﹕ onPause
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onPause
ActivityCycle﹕ onSaveInstanceState: outState=Object
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onSaveInstanceState: outState=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onStop
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onStop
ActivityCycle﹕ onDestroy
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onDestroyView
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onDetach
ActivityCycle﹕ onDetachedFromWindow
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreate: bundle=Object
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onAttach
ActivityCycle﹕ onAttachFragment
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
          Called many times here
ActivityCycle﹕ onStart
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onCreateView: bundle=null
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onViewCreated: bundle=null
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onActivityCreated: bundle=null
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onViewStateRestored: bundle=null
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onStart
ActivityCycle﹕ onRestoreInstanceState: bundle=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onPostCreate: bundle=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onPostResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onResumeFragments
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onAttachedToWindow
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onWindowFocusChanged

Activity:                            home button pressed
Fragment retainInstance:   true
Kill Activity immediately:   
false
ActivityCycle﹕ onPause
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onPause
ActivityCycle﹕ onWindowFocusChanged
ActivityCycle﹕ onSaveInstanceState: outState=Object
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onSaveInstanceState: outState=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onStop
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onStop


Activity:                            back from background
Fragment retainInstance:   true
Kill Activity immediately:   
false
ActivityCycle﹕ onRestart
ActivityCycle﹕ onStart
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onStart
ActivityCycle﹕ onResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onPostResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onResumeFragments
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onWindowFocusChanged

======================================================================
Activity:                            new created
Fragment retainInstance:   true
Kill Activity immediately:   true
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreate: bundle=null
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
          Called many times here
ActivityCycle﹕ onStart
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onAttach
ActivityCycle﹕ onAttachFragment
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onCreate: bundle=null
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onCreateView: bundle=null
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onViewCreated: bundle=null
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onActivityCreated: bundle=null
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onViewStateRestored: bundle=null
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onStart
ActivityCycle﹕ onPostCreate: bundle=null
ActivityCycle﹕ onResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onPostResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onResumeFragments
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onAttachedToWindow
ActivityCycle﹕ onWindowFocusChanged
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView


Activity:                            rotate new created
Fragment retainInstance:   true
Kill Activity immediately:   true
ActivityCycle﹕ onPause
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onPause
ActivityCycle﹕ onSaveInstanceState: outState=Object
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onSaveInstanceState: outState=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onStop
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onStop
ActivityCycle﹕ onDestroy
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onDestroyView
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onDetach
ActivityCycle﹕ onDetachedFromWindow
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreate: bundle=Object
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onAttach
ActivityCycle﹕ onAttachFragment
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
          Called many times here
ActivityCycle﹕ onStart
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onCreateView: bundle=null
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onViewCreated: bundle=null
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onActivityCreated: bundle=null
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onViewStateRestored: bundle=null
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onStart
ActivityCycle﹕ onRestoreInstanceState: bundle=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onPostCreate: bundle=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onPostResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onResumeFragments
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onAttachedToWindow
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onWindowFocusChanged


Activity:                            home button pressed
Fragment retainInstance:   true
Kill Activity immediately:   true
ActivityCycle﹕ onPause
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onPause
ActivityCycle﹕ onWindowFocusChanged
ActivityCycle﹕ onSaveInstanceState: outState=Object
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onSaveInstanceState: outState=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onStop
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onStop
ActivityCycle﹕ onDestroy
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onDestroyView
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onDestroy
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onDetach
ActivityCycle﹕ onDetachedFromWindow


Activity:                            back from background
Fragment retainInstance:   true
Kill Activity immediately:   true
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreate: bundle=Object
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onAttach
ActivityCycle﹕ onAttachFragment
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onCreate: bundle=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
          Called many times here
ActivityCycle﹕ onStart
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onCreateView: bundle=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onViewCreated: bundle=Object
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onActivityCreated: bundle=Object
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onViewStateRestored: bundle=Object
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onStart
ActivityCycle﹕ onRestoreInstanceState: bundle=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onPostCreate: bundle=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onPostResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onResumeFragments
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onAttachedToWindow
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onWindowFocusChanged


======================================================================
Activity:                            new created
Fragment retainInstance:   false
Kill Activity immediately:   true
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreate: bundle=null
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
          Called many times here
ActivityCycle﹕ onStart
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onAttach
ActivityCycle﹕ onAttachFragment
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onCreate: bundle=null
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onCreateView: bundle=null
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onViewCreated: bundle=null
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onActivityCreated: bundle=null
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onViewStateRestored: bundle=null
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onStart
ActivityCycle﹕ onPostCreate: bundle=null
ActivityCycle﹕ onResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onPostResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onResumeFragments
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onAttachedToWindow
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onWindowFocusChanged


Activity:                            rotate new created
Fragment retainInstance:   false
Kill Activity immediately:   true
ActivityCycle﹕ onPause
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onPause
ActivityCycle﹕ onSaveInstanceState: outState=Object
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onSaveInstanceState: outState=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onStop
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onStop
ActivityCycle﹕ onDestroy
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onDestroyView
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onDestroy
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onDetach
ActivityCycle﹕ onDetachedFromWindow
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreate: bundle=Object
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onAttach
ActivityCycle﹕ onAttachFragment
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onCreate: bundle=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
          Called many times here
ActivityCycle﹕ onStart
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onCreateView: bundle=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onViewCreated: bundle=Object
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onActivityCreated: bundle=Object
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onViewStateRestored: bundle=Object
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onStart
ActivityCycle﹕ onRestoreInstanceState: bundle=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onPostCreate: bundle=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onPostResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onResumeFragments
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onAttachedToWindow
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onWindowFocusChanged

Activity:                            home button pressed
Fragment retainInstance:   false
Kill Activity immediately:   true
ActivityCycle﹕ onPause
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onPause
ActivityCycle﹕ onWindowFocusChanged
ActivityCycle﹕ onSaveInstanceState: outState=Object
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onSaveInstanceState: outState=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onStop
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onStop
ActivityCycle﹕ onDestroy
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onDestroyView
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onDestroy
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onDetach
ActivityCycle﹕ onDetachedFromWindow

Activity:                            back from background
Fragment retainInstance:   false
Kill Activity immediately:   true
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreate: bundle=Object
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onAttach
ActivityCycle﹕ onAttachFragment
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onCreate: bundle=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView          Called many times here
ActivityCycle﹕ onStart
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onCreateView: bundle=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onViewCreated: bundle=Object
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onActivityCreated: bundle=Object
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onViewStateRestored: bundle=Object
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onStart
ActivityCycle﹕ onRestoreInstanceState: bundle=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onPostCreate: bundle=Object
ActivityCycle﹕ onResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onPostResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onResumeFragments
FragmentCycle===>﹕ onResume
ActivityCycle﹕ onAttachedToWindow
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onCreateView
ActivityCycle﹕ onWindowFocusChanged

98 comments:

  1. I think you can ignore the onCreateView calls. They don't have much to do with lifecycle. Those calls are factory invokations when the framework is inflating each view from the xml (hence multiple calls).

    ReplyDelete
  2. Useful blog to Android Activity/Fragment life cycle analysisAndroid Training

    ReplyDelete
  3. It is really a great work and the way in which u r sharing the knowledge is excellent.
    Thanks for helping me to understand basic concepts. As a beginner in android programming your post help me a lot.Thanks for your informative article. Android Training in velachery | Android Training institute in chennai

    ReplyDelete
  4. It is really a great work and the way in which u r sharing the knowledge is excellent.
    Thanks for helping me to understand basic concepts. As a beginner in android programming your post help me a lot.Thanks for your informative article. Android Training in velachery | Android Training institute in chennai

    ReplyDelete
  5. Your blog has given me that thing which I never expect to get from all over the websites. Nice post guys!

    Melbourne SEO Services

    ReplyDelete
  6. Its a wonderful post and very helpful, thanks for all this information. You are including better information regarding this topic in an effective way.Thank you so much

    Personal Installment Loans
    Payday Cash Advance loan
    Title Car loan
    Cash Advance Loan

    ReplyDelete

  7. Its a wonderful post and very helpful, thanks for all this information. You are including better information regarding this topic in an effective way.Thank you so much

    Installment Loans Near Me
    Title loans Near Me
    Cash Advances Near Me

    ReplyDelete
  8. I read this article. I think You put a lot of effort to create this article. I appreciate your work.
    thesis Writing Service

    ReplyDelete
  9. I am really happy with your blog because your article is very unique and powerful for new reader.
    selenium training in chennai
    selenium training in bangalore

    ReplyDelete
  10. Hello. This post couldn’t be written any better! Reading this post reminds me of my previous roommate. He always kept chatting about this. I will forward this page to him. Fairly certain he will have a good read. Thank you for sharing.
    AWS Training in Bangalore |Best AWS Training Institute in Bangalore BTM, Marathahalli
    AWS Training in Chennai | AWS Training Institute in Chennai Velachery, Tambaram, OMR

    ReplyDelete
  11. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  12. Well Said, you have furnished the right information that will be useful to anyone at all time. Thanks for sharing your Ideas.

    angularjs Training in chennai
    angularjs Training in chennai

    angularjs-Training in tambaram

    angularjs-Training in sholinganallur

    ReplyDelete
  13. Really nice experience you have. Thank you for sharing. It will surely be an experience to someone.
    Python training in marathahalli | Python training institute in pune

    ReplyDelete
  14. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  15. Your good knowledge and kindness in playing with all the pieces were very useful. I don’t know what I would have done if I had not encountered such a step like this.
    advanced excel training in bangalore

    ReplyDelete
  16. Wow it is really wonderful and awesome thus it is very much useful for me to understand many concepts and helped me a lot. it is really explainable very well and i got more information from your blog.

    blueprism training in chennai | blueprism training in bangalore | blueprism training in pune | blueprism online training

    ReplyDelete
  17. This is beyond doubt a blog significant to follow. You’ve dig up a great deal to say about this topic, and so much awareness. I believe that you recognize how to construct people pay attention to what you have to pronounce, particularly with a concern that’s so vital. I am pleased to suggest this blog.
    Java training in Jaya nagar | Java training in Electronic city

    Java training in Chennai | Java training in USA | Java training in Kalyan nagar

    ReplyDelete
  18. I found this informative and interesting blog so i think so its very useful and knowledge able.I would like to thank you for the efforts you have made in writing this article.

    Data Science training in Chennai | Data science training in bangalore

    Data science training in pune | Data science online training

    Data Science Interview questions and answers

    ReplyDelete
  19. She noticed a wide variety of pieces, with the inclusion of what it is like to have an awesome helping style to have the rest without hassle grasp some grueling matters.
    iosh course in chennai

    ReplyDelete
  20. Nice post. Thanks for sharing! I want people to know just how good this information is in your article. It’s interesting content and Great work.
    Thanks & Regards,
    VRIT Professionals,
    No.1 Leading Web Designing Training Institute In Chennai.

    And also those who are looking for
    Web Designing Training Institute in Chennai
    SEO Training Institute in Chennai
    Photoshop Training Institute in Chennai
    PHP & Mysql Training Institute in Chennai
    Android Training Institute in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  21. You are doing a great job. I would like to appreciate your work for good accuracy
    Regards,
    Selenium Training Institute in Chennai | Selenium Testing Training in chennai

    ReplyDelete
  22. Really you have done great job,There are may person searching about that now they will find enough resources by your post.
    Selenium Training in Chennai | SeleniumTraining Institute in Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  23. This is a terrific article, and that I would really like additional info if you have got any. I’m fascinated with this subject and your post has been one among the simplest I actually have read.

    devops online training

    aws online training

    data science with python online training

    data science online training

    rpa online training

    ReplyDelete
  24. It's a Very informative blog and useful article thank you for sharing with us, keep posting learn more about BI Tools Thanks for sharing valuable information. Your blogs were helpful to tableau learners. I request to update the blog through step-by-step. Also, find Technology news at
    Tableau Training

    Android Online Training

    Data Science Certification

    Dot net Training in bangalore

    Blog.

    ReplyDelete
  25. Nice tips. Very innovative... Your post shows all your effort and great experience towards your work Your Information is Great if mastered very well.
    Microsoft Azure online training
    Selenium online training
    Java online training
    Python online training
    uipath online training

    ReplyDelete
  26. Thanks for sharing the useful blog about Android Activity/ Fragment Life Cycle Analysis.

    Mobile App Development Companies in Coimbatore

    ReplyDelete
  27. It is a great post. Keep sharing such kind of useful information.

    karnatakapucresult
    Education

    ReplyDelete
  28. Thank you for sharing such a informative information with us. Keep on sharing the blog like this.

    PHP Online Training


    Power BI Online Training


    Python Online Training

    ReplyDelete
  29. Thank for sharing very valuable information.nice article.keep posting.For more information visit
    aws online training
    devops online training

    ReplyDelete
  30. You know your projects stand out of the herd. There is something special about them. It seems to me all of them are really brilliant!
    AI learning course malaysia

    ReplyDelete
  31. సంతోషకరమైన మరియు సంతోషకరమైన రోజు. వ్యాసం పంచుకున్నందుకు చాలా ధన్యవాదాలు

    máy phun tinh dầu

    máy khuếch tán tinh dầu tphcm

    máy khuếch tán tinh dầu hà nội

    máy xông phòng ngủ

    ReplyDelete
  32. Thanks for Sharing this useful information. Get sharepoint apps development from veelead solutions

    ReplyDelete
  33. wow, lots of data and information. thanks for sharing with your readers who may have questions about this topic. spectrummobile com/activate

    ReplyDelete
  34. Download and install Vidmate App which is the best HD video downloader software available for Android. Get free latest HD movies, songs, and your favorite TV shows.

    ReplyDelete
  35. If you want best smart phones under 10000-15000 then go on. https://www.arecious.com/

    ReplyDelete
  36. If you want best home theater under 5000-10000 then go on. https://www.arecious.com/

    ReplyDelete
  37. If you want best bluetooth speakers with affordable price rate then go on https://www.arecious.com/

    ReplyDelete
  38. If you are looking for sony bluetooth speakers then go on https://www.arecious.com/

    ReplyDelete
  39. I was just browsing through the internet looking for some information and came across your blog. I am impressed by the information that you have on this blog. It shows how well you understand this subject. Bookmarked this page, will come back for more.
    ir 4.0 training in malaysia

    ReplyDelete
  40. Thank you for excellent article.You made an article that is interesting.
    Tavera car for rent in chennai|Indica car for rent in chennai|innova car for rent in chennai|mini bus for rent in chennai|tempo traveller for rent in chennai
    Keep on the good work and write more article like this...
    innova car rental chennai|Tavera car rental chennai
    Great work !!!!Congratulations for this blog

    ReplyDelete
  41. YouthHub is the Best Blog & Website which provides online news related to Best songs, comedy films, Celebrities, gadgets,
    fitness and many more.
    Bollywood
    Bollywood Comedy

    ReplyDelete
  42. Nice Presentation and its hopefull words..
    if you want a cheap web hostinng in web
    cheap web hosting company chennai

    ReplyDelete
  43. If you are looking for Best Gyms in Ghaziabad then click on the given link.

    ReplyDelete
  44. شركة تنظيف في شركة تنظيف كنب بدبيعجمان المميزة شركتنا المتميزة فىشركة تنظيف كنب بالشارقة مجالها تقدم لك عزيزي العميل تنظيف جميع المنازل فى مدينه عجمان بخبرتهاشركة تنظيف كنب بعجمان الكبيرة فى هذا المجال حيث ان شركة تنظيف في عجمان المميزة لدينا أفضلشركة تنظيف كنب بالعين الانواع من الخدمات المنزلية التى يتم تقديمها بكفاءة شركة تنظيف شقق بدبيعالية للغاية فى اى مكان من المنطقه شركة تنظيف شقق بالشارقةو بالاضافه الى وجوزد جودة متميزة و ايضا لدينا أسعار تنافسية فيما نقدم من خدماتشركة تنظيف شقق بعجمان الى العملاء فى هذا المجال كما اننا نقدم مجموعة كبيرة جدا من شركات التنظيف في الامارات
    خلال شركتنا يمكنك غسيل شركة تنظيف شقق بالعينو تنظيف كافه الانواع من السجاد


    Read more: http://feliciakramer.blogspot.com/2011/10/pine-cone-wreaths-tutorial.html#ixzz5wrFISyDH

    ReplyDelete